Dublin at Wikipedia's sister projects. Since , the landscape of Dublin has changed. The Dublin region is the economic centre of Ireland, and was at the forefront of the country's economic expansion during the Celtic Tiger period.
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Rubin, partners at the Washington, D. In , there were seven such actions as opposed to three in According to the written report, the "data suggest that securities regulators may have retrenched their efforts to regulate through the use of novel theories.
FINRA operates the largest arbitration forum in the United States for the resolution of disputes between customers and member firms, as well as between brokerage firm employees and their firms.
Each entity had its own set of rules on arbitration procedures. While arbitration cases are the usual resolution procedure of last resort, class action cases are brought and often permitted to go forward in courts as well, where binding arbitration contracts are sometimes rejected, typically after being ruled unconscionable; see Wilko v.
Although the fairness of such mandatory arbitration clauses has been called into question, U. As of May , the pool of arbitrators consisted of 2, individuals classified by FINRA as industry panelists and 3, individuals classified as non-industry panelists.
McMahon that clauses mandating arbitration for disputes under the Securities Exchange Act of were enforceable. Three years later, it overturned Wilko completely in Rodriguez de Quijas v. Thus, many securities disputes are now resolved in arbitration. For a given case, the two sides are provided separate lists by FINRA of ten local arbitrators for each category from which each party can strike up to four arbitrators and provide a ranking for the rest.
Also provided are ten-year biographies and prior award histories for each arbitrator. FINRA will then provide the parties with the panel members by selecting the highest ranked available arbitrator from each category. According to FINRA, there were 5, cases for arbitration filed in , a decrease from the 7, cases filed in FINRA rules do not require parties to be represented by attorneys.
A party may also appear pro se , or be represented by a non-attorney in arbitration. However, the third option is not advised since this may be the unauthorized practice of law. In June , Lewis D.
Perhaps amidst speculation that Congress was contemplating passing legislation  preventing mandatory arbitration clauses, FINRA announced in July that it would be launching a pilot program to evaluate all-public arbitration panels thus not requiring an industry arbitrator to be on each panel.
In that announcement, Richard Ketchum, FINRA Chairman and Chief Executive Officer stated "We believe that giving investors the ability to have an all-public panel will increase public confidence in the fairness of our dispute resolution process.
According to Richard Jackson, a principal at the advisor firm of Schlindwein Associates, LLC "It's probably pretty important to have someone on the panel who has specific industry knowledge and past experience in that field to explain some of the complexities that may be at issue," . FINRA does have a broker check system. This system lists the registered and licensed professionals.
Those who have had complaints will also remain in the online system. Others who have passed exams, but have let their licenses retire, are not listed in the system if they had a clean record on their U From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article reads like a press release or a news article or is largely based on routine coverage or sensationalism.
Please expand this article with properly sourced content to meet Wikipedia's quality standards , event notability guideline , or encyclopedic content policy. Dublin once had an extensive system of trams but this was largely phased out by A new light rail system, often described as a tram system, the Luas , was launched in , and is run by Transdev Ireland under contract from Transport Infrastructure Ireland , carrying over 34 million passengers annually.
Together these lines comprise a total 67 stations and A metro service is proposed under the name of Metrolink , and planned to run from Dublin's northside to Sandyford via Dublin Airport and St. Stephen's Green , with construction projected to start after The headquarters of Ireland's flag carrier Aer Lingus and regional airlines Stobart Air and CityJet are located there, and those of low-cost carrier Ryanair nearby.
The airport offers a short and medium haul network, domestic services to regional airports in Ireland, and long-haul services to the United States , Canada , the Middle East and Hong Kong. Dublin Airport is the 11th busiest in the European Union,  and by far the busiest airport on the island of Ireland. In , Dublin Airport was the 18th busiest airport in Europe, serving over 21 million passengers.
From to , Dublin Airport saw an increase of nearly 9. Dublin is also served by Weston Airport and other small facilities, by a range of helicopter operators, and the military and some State services use Casement Aerodrome nearby.
Dublin is one of the primary centres of education in Ireland, and is home to three universities, Dublin Institute of Technology and a number of other higher education institutions. There are 20 third-level institutes in the city and in surrounding towns and suburbs. Dublin was European Capital of Science in The University of Dublin is the oldest university in Ireland, dating from the 16th century, and is located in the city centre.
It was closed to Roman Catholics until Catholic Emancipation , and the Catholic hierarchy then banned Roman Catholics from attending until It is situated in the city centre, on College Green, and has 15, students. Founded in , it is now the largest university in Ireland. With a continuous history dating back to , Dublin's principal, and Ireland's largest, institution for technological education and research, Dublin Institute of Technology DIT has over 23, students.
DIT specialises in engineering, architecture, sciences, health, journalism, digital media, hospitality and business but also offers art, design, music and humanities programmes. It has commenced consolidation to a new campus in Grangegorman. Dublin is also home to the Royal Irish Academy , membership of which is considered Ireland's highest academic honour. The Irish public administration and management training centre has its base in Dublin, the Institute of Public Administration provides a range of undergraduate and post graduate awards via the National University of Ireland and in some instances, Queen's University Belfast.
The western suburb of Blanchardstown offers a wide range of courses at the Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown. Together, the four areas form the traditional County Dublin. This area is sometimes known as the Dublin Region.
The population of the administrative area controlled by the City Council was , in the census,  while the population of the urban area was 1,, The area's population is expanding rapidly, and it is estimated by the Central Statistics Office that it will reach 2.
After World War Two, Italians were by far the largest immigrant group in both Dublin and Ireland and became synonymous with the catering and restaurant landscape. Dublin is home to a greater proportion of newer arrivals than any other part of the country.
Sixty percent of Ireland's Asian population lives in Dublin. The capital attracts the largest proportion of non-Catholic migrants from other countries. Increased secularisation in Ireland has prompted a drop in regular Catholic church attendance in Dublin from over 90 percent in the mids down to 14 percent according to a survey.
According to the census, the population of Dublin was It is also the location of key and notable works of James Joyce , including Ulysses , which is set in Dublin and includes much topical detail.
Dubliners is a collection of short stories by Joyce about incidents and typical characters of the city during the early 20th century. Other renowned writers include J. The Gaiety specialises in musical and operatic productions, and also opens its doors after the evening theatre production to host a variety of live music, dancing, and films.
The Abbey was founded in by a group that included Yeats with the aim of promoting indigenous literary talent. It went on to provide a breakthrough for some of the city's most famous writers, such as Synge , Yeats himself and George Bernard Shaw. Apart from being the focus of the country's literature and theatre, Dublin is also the focal point for much of Irish art and the Irish artistic scene. The Chester Beatty Library houses a collection of manuscripts, miniature paintings, prints, drawings, rare books and decorative arts assembled by American mining millionaire and honorary Irish citizen Sir Alfred Chester Beatty — Three branches of the National Museum of Ireland are located in Dublin: Dublinia is a living history attraction showcasing the Viking and Medieval history of the city.
Dublin has long had an 'underground' arts scene, with Temple Bar hosting artists in the s, and spaces such as the Project Arts Centre acting as a hub for collectives and new exhibitions.
The Guardian noted that Dublin's independent and underground arts flourished during the economic recession of c. Dublin was shortlisted to be World Design Capital The best known area for nightlife is Temple Bar , south of the River Liffey. The area has become popular among tourists, including stag and hen parties from Britain. However, it has been criticised as overpriced, false and dirty by Lonely Planet. The two best known cinemas in the city centre are the Savoy Cinema and the Cineworld Cinema, both north of the Liffey.
Large modern multiscreen cinemas are located across suburban Dublin. The 3Arena venue in the Dublin Docklands has played host to many world-renowned performers. Dublin city centre is a popular shopping destination for both locals and tourists. The city has numerous shopping districts, particularly around Grafton Street and Henry Street.
The city centre is also the location of large department stores, including Arnotts , Brown Thomas and prior to its closure Clerys. The city retains a thriving market culture, despite new shopping developments and the loss of some traditional market sites.
Amongst several historic locations, Moore Street remains one of the city's oldest trading districts. Dublin is the centre of both media and communications in Ireland, with many newspapers, radio stations, television stations and telephone companies based there. The headquarters of An Post and telecommunications companies such as Eir , as well as mobile operators Meteor , Vodafone and 3 are all located there. Dublin is also the headquarters of national newspapers such as The Irish Times and Irish Independent , as well as local newspapers such as The Evening Herald.
Commercial radio stations based in the city include 4fm There are also numerous community and special interest stations, including Dublin City FM Croke Park is the largest sport stadium in Ireland. The headquarters of the Gaelic Athletic Association , it has a capacity of 82, Muhammad Ali fought there in and it played host to the opening and closing ceremonies of the Special Olympics.
It also has conference and banqueting facilities. There is a GAA Museum there and tours of the stadium are offered, including a rooftop walk of the stadium.
During the redevelopment of Lansdowne Road , Croke Park played host to the Irish Rugby Union Team and Republic of Ireland national football team as well as hosting the Heineken Cup rugby —09 semi-final between Munster and Leinster which set a world record attendance for a club rugby match.
Stadium Lansdowne Road was laid out in This was the venue for home games of both the Irish Rugby Union Team and the Republic of Ireland national football team. County Dublin is home for 13 of the senior rugby union clubs in Ireland including 5 of the 10 sides in the top division 1A. C play at Dalymount Park , the oldest football stadium in the country, and home ground for the Ireland football team from to College Park has Test status and played host to Ireland's first Test cricket match, a women's match against Pakistan in The Dublin Marathon has been run since at the end of October, having been staged on the final Monday in October from to , before moving to the final Sunday in and The Women's Mini Marathon has been run since on the first Monday in June, which is also a bank holiday in Ireland.
It is said to be the largest all female event of its kind in the world. The Dublin area hosts greyhound racing at Shelbourne Park and horse racing at Leopardstown. The National Basketball Arena is located in Tallaght, is the home of the Irish basketball team , the venue for the basketball league finals, and has also hosted boxing and wrestling events.
There are also Gaelic Handball , hockey and athletics stadia, most notably Morton Stadium in Santry , which held the athletics events of the Special Olympics.
Historically, Irish coffee house were associated with those working in media. A number of Irish language agencies are also located in the capital. Conradh na Gaeilge offers language classes, has a book shop and is a meeting place for different groups. Dublin is twinned with four places: The city also has "co-operation agreements" with a number of other cities,  and has previously proposed agreements with Rio de Janeiro and the Mexican city of Guadalajara.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the capital of Ireland. For other uses, see Dublin disambiguation. For the village in Scotland, see Hurlford. Capital of Ireland, maritime city, cultural and educational centre. Capital city in Leinster, Ireland. Other names of Dublin. History of Dublin and Timeline of Dublin. List of rivers of County Dublin. List of public art in Dublin. List of twin towns and sister cities in the Republic of Ireland.
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