The biggest ever fire sale of Indian corporate assets has begun, to tide over bad loans crisis


Portuguese Paliacate outpost Pulicat. Mumbai is the headquarters of two zones of the Indian Railways: The Tansa lake supplies water to the western suburbs and parts of the island city along the Western Railway. Archived from the original on 16 October

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Its market capitalisation at Rs 14, crore is Rs 10, crore lower than its debt. By sale, of cement, road and the Mumbai power distribution businesses, the company expects to be debt free on standalone basis by the end of this fiscal. Reliance Capital, with debt of Rs 24, crore has sold stakes, in phases, in its mutual fund and life insurance businesses to Nippon Life Insurance for Rs 3, crore to allow the latter to increase its stake to 49 per cent in each of the businesses. It further plans to raise another Rs 4, crore by the end of by selling non-core assets, including proprietary investment book and by inducting a partner in its general insurance business.

The group is looking to sell about 50 per cent stake of its family silver, i. It also plans to bring in a financial partner for its 10mtpa steel business that currently has a debt of Rs 40, crore; a 49 per cent stake in the steel facility will be valued at about Rs 25, crore.

The debt-laden group is also looking to sell stake in its ports business. An Adani spokesperson declined to offer any comments on the issue. The group has agreed to sell its 20mtpa of cement assets to Kumar Birla-led Ultratech for Rs 15, crore. This will leave its listed entities with about 6mtpa of cement capacity, three thermal power plants, one hydropower plant, an expressway project and land parcels.

It is looking to sell most of these assets at the right price, but buyers are not easy to come by. Aside from selling stake in its land parcels and the Yamuna Express Highway, the group is looking to sell its remaining cement plants for Rs 4, crore and its Bina thermal power plant for Rs 3, crore.

Analysts say its capacity to service its debt has not improved. Despite this, its total debt has actually gone up: The group is planning to raise about Rs 5, crore this year by selling land parcels, energy assets and stake in airport subsidiary.

Last month, it announced it was selling part of a road project in Karnataka, to help reduce debt by more than Rs 1, crore. It also plans to sell 30 per cent of its stake in its airport arm, which is valued about Rs 10, crore. The Lanco group has debts of Rs 47, crore. Debt levels have continued to rise, up 6 per cent in FY The group plans to sell power assets worth Rs 25, crore to de-leverage its balance sheet and retire debts of about Rs 18, crore.

Despite the Videocon group selling its stake in its Mozambique gas fields for Rs 15, crore, gross debt has continued to rise: Last month, it sold its spectrum to Bharti Airtel for Rs 4, crore. Da die Jungrinder in diesem Alter körperlich noch nicht für eine Belegung gebaut sind, werden sie erst in einem Alter von 15 bis 20 Monaten zugelassen. Dann haben sie etwa ein Gewicht von bis Kilogramm Lebendmasse. Das Mutterrind eines Fressers ist demzufolge eine Milchkuh.

Wie die Bezeichnung Fresser vermuten lässt, ist das Tier von diesem Alter an nicht mehr auf die Milch der Mutter oder sogenannte Milchaustauscher angewiesen. Je intensiver die Haltung, desto früher erfolgt die Entwöhnung von der Mutter und der Milch:. Demgegenüber entstammen Absetzer — ebenfalls Kälber oder Jungrinder — dem Produktionsverfahren der Fleischrinderhaltung. Ein zuchtreifes adultes weibliches Rind wird mit circa 18 Monaten besamt seltener bedeckt und hat somit ein Erstkalbealter von etwa 27 Monaten.

Im Allgäu bezeichnet man weibliche Jungtiere als Schump e. Erst nach dem ersten Kalben wird das geschlechtsreife weibliche Hausrind als Kuh bezeichnet ein sehr altes Wort: Dient die Kuh zur Milch- oder Fleischgewinnung, wird sie auch als Milchkuh bezeichnet. Eine Kuh, die auch fremde Kälber mit aufzieht, nennt man Ammenkuh.

In alemannisch- und romanischsprachigen Alpendialekten wird die Kuh auch als Lobe bezeichnet. Ein sterilisiertes weibliches Rind jedweden Alters nennt man Schnitzkalbin. Hierzu gehören auch weibliche Tiere aus Zwillingsgeburten, bei denen eines der Zwillingskälber ein Bulle ist Zwicke, Freemartin. Der dreijährige Stier findet sich als Terz genannt. Hausrinder sind in mehrerer Hinsicht für Menschen nützlich, wobei einige Rassen im Hinblick auf eine oder mehrere bestimmte Nutzungsarten besonders gezüchtet wurden.

Man unterscheidet dabei die Zweinutzungsrassen von den milch- und fleischbetonten Rassen. Bei den Rindern selbst lassen sich die Nutzungsrichtungen Milchproduktion und Fleischproduktion unterscheiden.

Die Unterschiede zwischen beiden Richtungen sind genetisch bedingt. Die Spezialisierung auf einzelne Leistungsmerkmale setzte im Jahrhundert ein als Züchter wie Robert Bakewell lokale Rassen, die vorwiegend in der Subsistenzwirtschaft eine Rolle spielten, durch eine selektive Auswahl von qualitativ hervorstechenden Elterntieren gezielt auf einzelne Leistungsmerkmale verbesserte. Fleischrinder haben eine günstigere Struktur des Fleisches Faserigkeit, Marmorierung. Früher wurden männliche Tiere zur Verbesserung des Fleisches kastriert und somit zu Ochsen gemacht.

In Deutschland ist dies heutzutage nur noch in extensiven Haltungsformen üblich. Es werden sowohl männliche als auch weibliche Tiere geschlachtet. Verbreitete Fleischrassen sind beispielsweise Hereford , Charolais und Limousin , daneben andere, mehr regional verbreitete Rassen wie Angus und Galloway. In vielen weidewirtschaftlich oder nomadisch geprägten Kulturen gelten Hausrinder als Statussymbol und Gradmesser des Vermögens.

Dort kommt eine Schlachtung deswegen in der Regel nicht infrage. Insbesondere in Indien werden Hausrinder bis heute religiös verehrt. Der Stier oder Bulle, engl. Früher häufigere Kraftmess-Unterhaltungsautomaten auf Jahrmärkten weisen typisch Stierhörner auf, die nach Münzeinwurf mit den Händen gepackt und zueinander gedrückt werden müssen.

Eine namentliche Benennung ist damit nicht erforderlich. Dennoch tragen viele Kühe einen individuellen Namen. Dies geschieht vorwiegend als Merkhilfe, etwa um Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse durch gleiche Anfangsbuchstaben zu verdeutlichen. Osborndale Ivanhoe hatte den Hofnamen der Osborndale-Farm vorangestellt. Männliche Hausrinder wurden und werden insbesondere in Spanien, Portugal, Südfrankreich sowie in ehemaligen spanischen Kolonien und spanisch beeinflussten Regionen in Lateinamerika bei Schauveranstaltungen vorgeführt, bei denen sie gegen einen Menschen kämpfen, sogenannte Stierkämpfe.

Diese enden teilweise für das Tier tödlich, manchmal aber auch für den Menschen. Ähnliches gilt — abgeschwächt — auch für die Stierhatz. Weibliche Rinder sind dagegen weitaus friedfertiger als männliche. Eine wesentliche Ausnahme sind dabei Mutterkühe, die ihr Kalb allenfalls auch ungerechtfertigt in Gefahr sehen und selten Kontakt zu Menschen haben. Besonders gefährlich wird es, wenn die Person auch einen Hund an der Leine mit sich führt und eine ganze Herde Rinder beisammen ist.

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